When Robert Louis Stevenson wrote his gothic horror story of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, he based the house of the genial doctor-turned-fiend on the home of John Hunter. The choice was understandable, for Hunter was both widely acclaimed and greatly feared.
From humble origins, John Hunter rose to become the most famous anatomist and surgeon of the eighteenth century. In an age when operations were crude, extremely painful, and often fatal, he rejected medieval traditions to forge a revolution in surgery founded on pioneering scientific experiments. Using the knowledge he gained from countless human dissections, Hunter worked to improve medical care for both the poorest and the best-known figures of the era—including Sir Joshua Reynolds and the young Lord Byron.
An insatiable student of all life-forms, Hunter was also an expert naturalist. He kept exotic creatures in his country menagerie and dissected the first animals brought back by Captain Cook from Australia. Ultimately his research led him to expound highly controversial views on the age of the earth, as well as equally heretical beliefs on the origins of life more than sixty years before Darwin published his famous theory.
Although a central figure of the Enlightenment, Hunter’s tireless quest for human corpses immersed him deep in the sinister world of body snatching. He paid exorbitant sums for stolen cadavers and even plotted successfully to steal the body of Charles Byrne, famous in his day as the “Irish giant.”
In The Knife Man , Wendy Moore unveils John Hunter’s murky and macabre world—a world characterized by public hangings, secret expeditions to dank churchyards, and gruesome human dissections in pungent attic rooms. This is a fascinating portrait of a remarkable pioneer and his determined struggle to haul surgery out of the realms of meaningless superstitious ritual and into the dawn of modern medicine.
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|Title of eBook: The Knife Man|
|Release Date: 12-18-2007|
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|Publisher: Broadway Books|
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The Knife Man
The Coach Driver's Knee
'I have seen a man die almost immediately upon the loss of a testicle ...The loss of a limb above the knee, is more than man can bear...'
St George's Hospital, Hyde Park Corner, London, December 1785
The patient faced an agonizing choice. Above the cries and moans of fellow sufferers on the fetid ward, he listened as the surgeon outlined the dilemma. If the large swelling at the back of his knee was left to continue growing, it would eventually burst, leading to certain and painful death. If, on the other hand, the leg was amputated above the knee, there was a slim chance he would survive the crude operation — provided he did not die of shock on the operating table, or bleed to death soon after, or succumb to infection on the filthy ward days later — but he would be permanently disabled.
For the forty-five-year-old hackney coach driver either option was unthinkable. Since he had first noticed the swelling in the hollow behind his knee three years ago, the lump had grown steadily until it was now the size of an orange; it throbbed continuously and had become so painful he could barely walk. Extended on the hospital bed before him, the leg and foot were hideously swollen while the skin had turned an unsightly mottled brown. Once the coachman had gained admittance to St George's, having successfully persuaded the governors he was a deserving recipient of their charity, the surgeon on duty had lost no time in making a diagnosis. After examining the tell-tale lump, which was 'so large as to distend the two hamstrings laterally', he had no doubts about the verdict. The surgeon had seen popliteal aneurysms